Since 2002, ARTF has delivered support through public programs and driven some of the fastest progress in the world in reducing infant mortality and increasing children’s enrollment in school. 

ARTF aligns with the strategic priorities of the government to improve development outcomes and living standards for all Afghans. ARTF relies on multiple development assistance instruments, including technical assistance, budget support linked to policy reforms, and project investments in health, education, community development, women's empowerment, job creations, and other priority sectors.

ARTF leverages funding in grant form from the International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank's concessionary lending arm, and complements multilateral programming through other international financial institutions, the United Nations Country Team, and donor partners' bilateral programming.